Microdermabrasion  Clinical Studies and Research

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Microdermabrasion History and Clinical Studies

Microdermabrasion was first invented in Europe in mid 1980's as an alternative to Dermabrasion, which uses rotary grinders and wire wheels to remove the epidermis and portions of the dermis. In 1994 Italian company Mattioli Engineering designed first closed-loop microdermabrasion system. It gained popularity quickly in the many European countries and soon after came to North America where the procedure received the FDA approval in 1996.

This new technique of spraying crystals onto the skin and vacuuming offers an in-clinic method, very hygienic as the crystals are only used once making microdermabrasion finally accessible to large number of clients. Today the Microdermabrasion is one of most popular non invasive cosmetic procedure in the world.


Less age spots, more collagen

Microdermabrasion study: less age spots, more collagen
Source: Cosmetic Surgery Times
Originally published: January 1, 2002

Orlando, Fla. - Microdermabrasion is effective and safe to improve the appearance of aged skin, according to James Chao, M.D., at the annual meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

"Microdermabrasion is a fairly new skin-resurfacing technique that promises to firm the skin and decrease wrinkles, but few studies exist that illustrate these results after patient follow-up. This study tracked a group of patients for four months after treatment and found promising results - microdermabrasion decreases age spots and increases collagen production, giving skin a firmer appearance," said Dr. Chao, assistant professor of plastic surgery, University of Texas, Southwestern, Dallas.

The researchers conducted eight microdermabrasion treatments in one-week intervals on 20 patients with varying degrees of wrinkles and age spots. Patients did not use skin care products before, after, or during the treatments, with the exception of sunscreen.

To determine the procedure's success, the researchers performed a skin biopsy on each patient to determine changes in the skin layers. They also took before and after photographs of the patients that were rated on a five point scale by 30 observers.

Based on biopsy results, researchers found positive changes in both the outer and inner layers of the skin, including increased production of collagen. All observers, including medical personnel and lay people, found a significant improvement in the color of age spots. The lay people also saw a decrease in wrinkles, Patients reported high satisfaction with their results.

"Microdermabrasion offers an effective way to improve age spots," Dr. Chao said. "Microdermabrasion can be a fast, simple, pain-free way to help us look and feel younger."

The epidermal and dermal changes associated with microdermabrasion

Dermatol Surg. 2001 Dec;27(12):1031-3; discussion 1033-4.
The epidermal and dermal changes associated with microdermabrasion.
Freedman BM, Rueda-Pedraza E, Waddell SP.
Plastic Surgery Associates of Northern Virginia, McLean, Virginia 22102, USA.

Microdermabrasion has become a popular method of skin rejuvenation for treating dyschromia, fine wrinkles, and mild scarring.
To analyze the onset and extent of the dermatologic changes associated with microdermabrasion.
Ten volunteers, ages 31-62 years, underwent a series of six aluminum oxide microdermabrasion facial treatments 7-10 days apart. Skin biopsy specimens were obtained prior to the study, after three treatments, and after six treatments.
Compared to the controls, the treated areas demonstrated the following histologic changes: thickening of the epidermis and dermis, flattening of the rete pegs, vascular ectasia and perivascular inflammation, and hyalinization of the papillary dermis with newly deposited collagen and elastic fibers.
This study suggests that microdermabrasion produces clinical improvement by a mechanism resembling a reparative process at the dermal and epidermal levels.

--PMID: 11849265 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Micro Dermabrasion On Acne Study Results

Scientists from Northeastern Ohio University and The College of Medicine in Ohio, have studied the use of microderm as acne treatment on 25 patients. Here are the results.

During the "The Use Of Microdermabrasion For Acne" pilot study, 25 patients with different forms of acne received 8 micro abrasion treatments at weekly intervals. The patients were under constant dermatological care and continued their regular acne medication throughout the study. The results are based on before and after photos:

  • 24 patients completed the study
  • 38% (9/24) had excellent results
  • 34% (8/24) had good results
  • 17% (4/24) had fair results
  • 12% (3/24) had poor results

Approximately 96% percent (23/24) of patients were pleased with their micro dermabrasion results and would recommend it to others. According to this pilot study: medical microderm has 'satisfactory to excellent results' on acne; microabrasion can be 'effectively used' to fight mild forms of acne; many acne control products available today include beads or crystals that offer a micro skin abrasion effect.

NOTE: If you suffer from acne please, do not use harsh products on your skin. These can worsen the problem by causing severe skin irritation, breakouts or blemishes.

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